A simple highball, Rum and Coke also known as a Cuba Libre

Rum and Coke

The Internet is quickly becoming the place for highbrow cocktail culture. As a group discussion on the use of rare ingredients, which most bartenders have never heard of, or the nuances of a cocktail created in 1933 is not uncommon and may be the norm. So, very rarely are discussions of basic drinks brought up. Part of the goal of the Art of Drink is to improve bartending, and drinks, as a whole, not just at the elite level. This requires that I tackle some of the most fundamental topics that, theoretically, shouldn’t even require discussion. But these basic issues do need discussion because when I go to a bar and order a rum and coke, I really shouldn’t leave disappointed. It’s not like I asked for a Ramos Gin Fizz.

Yield: Makes 1 Drink

Rum & Coke

A classic highball that is synonymous with the Cuba Libre, the Rum & Coke is simple but delicious.
Prep Time 1 minute
Total Time 1 minute


  • 2 oz Amber Rum
  • 5 oz Coca-Cola
  • Lime Wedge


  1. Fill a 12 oz Collins glass with ice.
  2. Pour 3 oz of Coca-Cola into the glass
  3. Add the rum
  4. Squeeze the lime into the glass and then add the lime
  5. Top the glass of with the remaining Coca-Cola
  6. Garnish with a thin slice of lime.


There isn't a proper ration for this drink, it solely depends on what you like.

When cutting a lime wedge for a rum and Coke use 1/6th of a lime. If you want to really give it a boost, try 1.4 of a lime. Extra lime really helps this drink, but should always be in balance with the rum and sweetness of the Coke.

Nutrition Information:



Serving Size:

8 oz

Amount Per Serving: Calories: 230
As someone who has spent a lot of time in scientific research, I have come to realize that most research is done on very, very basic principals. Scientists never tackle the big picture; they put the big picture together like a giant jigsaw puzzle. Sure, at the end of the day the discoveries and technologies that are made look very impressive, but they are built up from tens of thousands of very small building blocks. Each additional block is an incremental improvement in the previous invention or understanding. The same thing can be said about cocktails.

In the early ages of distillation, we had a base spirit, which probably tasted like crap. Then some genius squeezed some fruit juice into it, and voila, the first cocktail. Distillation was the hard part, adding juice was the incremental improvement.

Early cocktails were simple concoctions, usually consisting of spirit, sugar, and bitters. Eventually, other ingredients were added as incremental improvements. Some cocktails got out of hand with the “additions” and others were refined to what they are today. But, the fact is that for any cocktail to be excellent, you need to get all the little blocks right. This rule seems to apply to many things.

For a simple Rum and Coke Cuba Libra style), the building blocks are 10 oz glass, Coca-Cola, rum, ice, and lime. The classic recipe calls for a ratio of 1 part rum to 2 part Coca-Cola. A Rum & Coke ratio of 1:3 might be more palatable to modern tastes. For limes, I usually cut a wedge that is a sixth of a lime. Many bar owners will make you do eighths, which isn’t bad, but anything below that isn’t worth the effort. Simplicity at its finest. Sounds easy enough to make, but sometimes in the haste of a busy bar, bartenders will not add enough ice, or forget the lime or even pick a poor rum. That’s when you should realize that the bar only cares about making money, not making the customer happy. Well, unless you count the artificial happiness that alcohol provides.

Really, who has tested which rum makes a good, non-call brand, rum, and Coke? I’ll bet most bartenders just use what is on the rail, and whatever is on the rail is pretty much based on price (i.e. whatever is cheapest). Since I’ve been guilty of just pouring whatever the appointed house rum is, I’m going to take a deeper look at what makes a good rum and coke. I’m going to use Appleton rums as my comparison point since they have a wide range that would help quality vs. price arguments. The candidates are Appleton VX, Appleton White, and Appleton Special Gold.

What is the point you may ask? It’s just a rum and Coke and who really cares? Well, I do. If someone comes into a bar and orders a simple drink, and it sucks, why would that person even attempt to move up the list to a more complicated cocktail? They are more likely just to order a beer or glass of wine. If you make a good basic drink, people will trust you just a bit more and may choose to order something more exciting. That’s when it becomes fun to be a bartender.

Further Reading: Rum & Coke Taste Test

22 Comments on Rum and Coke

By Kuri on November 6, 2007 7:28 PM

Very refreshing post. I agree it’s a good idea to subject even simple drinks to analysis and good ingredients. The staple where I’m from is Rye and Coke rather than rum, but I’ve noticed that this, too, is better with premium rye than with discount.

By Chip and Andy on November 6, 2007 9:33 PM


When I enter a ‘strange’ bar, I order something simple to see what quality they are pouring and how. I cant tell you how many bars I have been in that have so thoroughly screwed up a basic drink that I have left the bar after one drink. Some bars so mangled a Rum and Coke that I have abandoned the drink and simply left.

Now, to the bar!

But! Can I use Dr. Pepper instead? I don’t really like Coke that much…..

By Shirley on November 7, 2007 8:37 AM

This was a great post. There are so many cocktails out there with multiple types of alcohol, mixers etc. I am a very simple cocktail drinker and Rum and Coke is my favorite. I love Captain Morgan and Coke but will drink other Rums as well. Many bartenders think they are “doing you a favor” by filling the glass with Rum and adding a “dash” of Coke. Wrong!!
The correct measurements make a great drink.

By Scottes on November 7, 2007 9:25 AM

I’ve been having a very interesting email exchange with another gentleman concerning the Rum & Coke. One big part of the discussion has been concerning the US Coke made with the disgusting High Fructose Corn Syrup versus Coke made with cane sugar as the sweetener. The cane sugar Coke is made in most countries other than the US – do you have it in Canada? I’m told that Coke produces a cane sugar version for Passover for US consumption… I may have a hard time finding cane sugar Coke until then.

By Dr. Bamboo on November 7, 2007 12:08 PM

Great post! I make a rum & coke for myself fairly frequently, and I think half the reason I keep coming back to it is the variety of rums. I love experimenting with white vs. gold vs. dark and working my way through different brands.

Also, having someone like Scott (above) handy is a big help 😉

By Anita on November 7, 2007 1:29 PM

If you’re looking for sugar Coke, you might head to a Latino grocery. The Coke imported from Mexico is HFCS-free.

By Darcy on November 7, 2007 8:14 PM

Lots of good point and one of the topics I was thinking about discussing was the high fructose corn syrup vs cane sugar, but somehow it got pushed to the back burner. Thanks Scott for reminding me.

Chip & Andy, sure you can use Dr. Pepper, but good luck on finding a bar that stocks it (Rootbeer too). I’ve always wondered why bars don’t, the stuff is so cheap, that having a six pack of it wouldn’t hurt, but would probably make a few people very very happy.

By Michael on November 8, 2007 3:49 AM

Oh my god! Mount Gay Extra Old rum makes THE BEST rum and coke ever. The rum itself is very smooth and has a bit of a molasses taste to it, but there’s something about putting it in coke that brings out an incredible, unmasked vanilla flavor. I was never much of a coke w/ lime fan, but the thinning effect of the ethanol on the syrups (when not mixing i drink my coke with 1/3 soda water just cause it’s too thick), and the vanilla flavor which disarms the sugary kola taste. Oh my god! Too bad my customers won’t listen to me. $5.75 isn’t too much for MY rum and coke, I promise. Another great post!

By addROC on November 8, 2007 11:45 AM

In my opinion there is one rum in particular that makes the BEST run & cokes ever, and trust me, in college I tried a lot of different rums. It is called REDRUM and is kinda had to find. It comes from the Caribbean somewhere and is fruit infused slightly, so slightly that you cannot even tell the fruit. By itself it is ok, but mixed with coke is is FANTASTIC. Also the bottle is a deep red color and shaped like a coffin, what more could you ask for. It isn’t everywhere though, and I have yet to find it in any liquor stores in NYC that are not considered a ‘warehouse’.

By Bruce Joyner on November 8, 2007 3:54 PM

Your information about Rum has made me want to throw a party just to make Rum and Cokes..A steak or two on the grill, fries and snacks..also on the menu..Thanks for the nudge….P.S. love your web

By Axefire on November 9, 2007 5:50 PM

First of all :Very nice post 😉

Coca-Cola really have a strong flavor so a really tasty rhum would go better with it IMO.

Talking about Dr.Pepper : Take a sip of Angostura bitter and then take a sip of Dr.Pepper.

Conclusion : OMG Dr.Pepper is sure made of angostura bitter!

So instead of taking this industrial beverage ( Dr.Pepper ) we could simply use angostura bitter and soda to have something more “personal”.

By Dood on November 9, 2007 7:43 PM

Allow me to echo the kudos from others! Great topic, and I have been more than once the victim of a poor rum and Coke. Something that should be so easy…

Love the selection of rums too…Appleton V/X is one of my favorites to use in R&C’s, with Sailor Jerry Spiced being the other (the cherry finish on it is rather nice in Coke).

By Edgar on November 10, 2007 7:56 PM

Axefire: Original Dublin Dr. Pepper from Dublin Texas is not an “industrial” drink as you characterize it so. Even if Angostura wasn’t so strong that drinking something after a sip of it wouldn’t taste like Angostura, you misrepresent DP unless you get your hands on the original recipe stuff, in a bottle, made with Imperial cane sugar. They don’t sell it many places outside of Texas but I believe you can order it. Try some, you’ll be pleasantly surprised.

By Axefire on November 11, 2007 12:07 AM

I didn’t knew there was such things has “Original Dublin Dr.Pepper” and im really sorry if I misrepresented it.

OK now after some research :


Much of the soft drink industry in the United States stopped using sugar in the 1980s, in response to a series of price supports and import quotas introduced beginning in 1982 that increased the price of sugar above the global market price. As a result, most U.S. soft drinks, including Dr Pepper, now use high fructose corn syrup instead of sugar.

“A handful of U.S. bottling plants still use sugar to sweeten Dr Pepper. Perhaps best known is the Dr Pepper bottling plant in Dublin, Texas, the product of which is known as Dublin Dr Pepper. ”

Ive never heard about it before 😉

I was talking about the “normal” Dr.Pepper and even in that case I never said it was bad or anything, it was only a suggestion for a new use for the Angostura Bitter!

I don’t have to tell the difference between fresh squeeze juice over sour mix or anything like that… I think the same principle apply to the Dr.Pepper.

By Kevin on November 11, 2007 12:18 AM

I’ll definitely agree with Axefire’s comment on Sailor Jerry’s. Some of my friends do out of state runs (can’t find Sailor Jerrys in Alabama because of our crazy laws) and buy a case or two at a time from our favorite Mississippi package store just because it goes so well in coke.

My favorite however is Bacardi 8 year + 3 oz coke + 1/4-1/2 lime.

Ok actually my favorite is my Havana Club Barrel Proof, but because I can’t rebuy it when I’m done with the bottle, I have to savor it!

By Mostenaru on November 11, 2007 1:35 PM

what can i say about rum and coke …its one of the best i like drinking it like this : in a highball glass filled with ice squeeze a half of lime (with a hand juicer) add some bitters (1 dash) pour like 40 ml aged rum …fill up with coke . The most interesting part is that the half of the squeezed lime is used for garnishing the drink .

By Jorge on November 22, 2007 11:48 AM

Great post!

One little detail though, not all rum & coke is called Cuba Libre. This is a name reserved for the preparation when made with Bacardi rum. The drink was invented during the Spanish-American War in the late 1800’s by mixing Coca-Cola and Bacardi rum.

Calling a combination of another rum and coke “Cuba Libre” would be like calling a combination of rum and another cola, “Rum & Coke”. As you mentioned, it is imporatent to have the right ingredients.

For a true Cuba Libre, the rum has to be Bacardi and the cola has to be Coca-Cola.

By MarshalN on November 22, 2007 2:07 PM

Great blog 🙂

Like Kevin, I remember I used to use a bottle of Bacardi 8 for Rum and Coke… it turned out pretty good.

By Ryan on November 24, 2007 5:09 PM

I usually specify which rum I want in a rum and coke, for instance I would say captain and coke for captain morgan or bacardi and coke etc…

By Dennis Forcier on January 23, 2008 4:15 PM

I agree that the quality of rum is paramount (Mount Gay is what I usually use), but I’d stick to the light rums instead of the dark ones – they just seem to go better with Coke.
It used to be that Coke smuggled from Mexico was made with sugar. The Coca-Cola company and distributors hate the practice because it busts their regional-distribution monopolies, but I hear they recently settled the disputes (and suits).
Perhaps coincidentally (I’m too cynical to believe it), I recently picked up a bottle (yes they still use glass which be another reason) that had Hecho in Mexico printed on it, but was made with HFCS instead of cane sugar! I hope this isn’t a sign of the future. #(

By theapocethary on January 23, 2008 7:34 PM

Annoying is the customer who orders “rum and coke” standard answer is “white or dark?” I live in Australia, close to the New South Wales and Queensland borders. The northerners (QLD) drink dark, the southerners (NSW) drink is usually white(mostly) The dark rum of choice is a villainous icky thing called Bundaberg (Bundy affectionately)

I don’t carry Bundaberg. I do keep an organic called kinky nero, and appletons, mt gay and a host of white rums too. Life is too short to drink bad rum

By sammie on June 15, 2008 10:26 AM

Coke and rum??

Only if you’re soft or it’s bad rum

personally Sailor Jerry’s with a squeezed lime and couple of ice cubes and i’m satisfied.

By the way does anyone know where you can buy Sailor Jerry’s in QLD, i used to drink it in the UK and since my return to Brisbane have not seen it anywhere

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